A coalition of more than 60 donor and borrower governments have agreed to ratchet up the fight against extreme poverty with a record $75 billion commitment for the International Development Association (IDA), the World Bank’s fund for the poorest countries.
“This is a pivotal step in the movement to end extreme poverty,” World Bank group president Jim Yong Kim said.
The funding will enable IDA to scale up development interventions to tackle conflict, fragility and violence, forced displacement, climate change, and gender inequality.
It will also promote governance and institution building, as well as jobs and economic transformation—areas of special focus over the next three years. These efforts are underpinned by an overarching commitment to invest in growth, resilience and opportunity.
Financing during the IDA18 replenishment period, which runs from July 1, 2017 to June 30, 2020, is expected to support:
- Essential health and nutrition services for up to 400 million people
- Access to improved water sources for up to 45 million people
- Financial services for 4-6 million people
- Safe childbirth for up to 11 million women through provision of skilled health personnel
- Training for 9-10 million teachers to benefit 300+ million children
- Immunizations for 130-180 million children
- Better governance in 30 countries through improved statistical capacity
- An additional 5 GW of renewable energy generation capacity
To finance this package, IDA is proposing the most radical transformation in its 56-year history. For the first time, IDA is seeking to leverage its equity by blending donor contributions with internal resources and funds raised through debt markets.
By blending concessional contributions from donors with its own resources and capital market debt, IDA will significantly increase the financial support it provides to clients.
The additional financing will enable IDA to double the resources to address fragility, conflict and violence (more than $14 billion), as well as the root causes of these risks before they escalate, and additional financing for refugees and their host communities ($2 billion).
Increased financing will help strengthen IDA’s support for crisis preparedness and response, pandemic preparedness, disaster risk management, small states and regional integration.
Efforts to stimulate private sector development in the most difficult environments, at the core of job creation and economic transformation, will receive a major push in the form of a new $2.5 billion Private Sector Window (PSW).
The PSW, being introduced together with the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), will help mobilize private capital and scale up private sector development in the poorest countries, particularly in fragile situations.
The funds will also help governments strengthen institutions, mobilize resources needed to deliver services, and promote accountability.
A total of 48 countries pledged resources to IDA; additional countries are expected to pledge in the near-term. The World Bank Group is continuing the tradition of contributing its own resources to IDA.
A total of 75 low-income countries are eligible to benefit from the IDA18 financing package.
The World Bank’s International Development Association (IDA), established in 1960, helps the world’s poorest countries by providing grants and low- to zero-interest loans for projects and programs that boost economic growth, reduce poverty, and improve poor people’s lives.
Photo courtesy: World Bank / IDA
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