World Bank Supports Gramin Swachh Bharat Mission

Stray cattle grazing on an open site full of rubbish near a housing colony in Delhi

Stray cattle grazing on an open site full of rubbish near a housing colony in Delhi

According to the government, the project will accelerate efforts to achieve sustained outcomes in sanitation by 2019.

The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given its approval Wednesday to the US$ 1500 million project of World Bank support to Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) or SBM-G.

The Project provides for incentivising States on the basis of their performance in the existing SBM-G. Incentivisation of States was approved by the Cabinet while approving the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) on 24th September, 2014. The current approval provides for the mechanism of such incentivisation through World Bank credit.

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Under the approved project, the performance of the States will be gauged through certain performance indicators, called the Disbursement-Linked Indicators (DLIs).

Following are three DLIs.

i. Reduction in the prevalence of open defecation: The funds under this result area shall be released to the States on the basis of reduction in prevalence of open defecation amongst rural households in the State, compared to the previous year,

ii. Sustaining Open Defecation Free (ODF) status in Villages: The funds under this result area, shall be released on the basis of estimated population residing in ODF villages,

iii. Increase in percentage of rural population served by improved Solid and Liquid Waste Management (SLWM): The funds under this DLI will be based on the population served with acceptable level of SLWM services.

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According to the government, the project will accelerate efforts to achieve sustained outcomes in sanitation by 2019.

The total World Bank credit being obtained for the Project is US$ 1500 million (Rs. 9000 crore @ US$ l=Rs. 60), of which US $ 1475 million (Rs 8850 crore) is for providing incentive grant to the States and US$ 25 million (Rs 150 crore) is for providing programme management and capacity support to Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS).

The proposed Project is, therefore, not a new scheme, but part of the existing SBM-G and provides part-funding to SBM-G as Externally Aided Project (EAP) credit to support incentivisation of States.

In other words, a Performance-based Incentive Grant Scheme, as part of SBM-G, is proposed to be launched through World Bank support credit funds.

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