Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, said Thursday that for the first time in the country, the people, and the urban leadership would play the pivotal role in deciding the future course of their cities.
He was speaking at the launch of three major urban development initiatives: AMRUT (Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation); Smart Cities Mission; and Housing for All (Urban), at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi.
Modi explained that for the first time in India, a challenge was being floated, in which the citizens of urban India could contribute in the formulation of development visions of their cities.
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Those cities which were able to competitively meet the required parameters would be developed as smart cities. Hence, he said, this competitive mechanism would end the top-down approach, and lead to people-centric urban development.
Modi presented his vision of a smart city, as one which was a step or two ahead of people’s aspirations. Technology, transportation, energy efficiency, walk-to-work, cycling, etc. were some elements mentioned by him for a smart city.
Modi also said the Government is sensitive to consumer protection, and towards ending undue harassment, especially with regard to housing. He said one Bill towards this end has already been introduced in Parliament.
Modi said that urbanization should be viewed as an opportunity, and urban centres should be viewed as growth engines. He said if this had been done 25-30 years ago, it would have led to good results today, but better late than never.
Mentioning the challenge of rising population, he said all possible avenues should be explored to find the resources for urban development.
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The Prime Minister said a house was a turning point in the lives of poor, which led towards a better life. He said the Government’s effort was to not just provide a house, but to provide the right environment to live life to the fullest.
Citing the existing housing shortage of 2 crore units, the Prime Minister said that India was completing 75 years of independence in 2022, and by then, it was our responsibility to provide a house for everyone.
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Modi said today there is a lack of holistic vision about urban planning, and expansion is driven not by the administrators of a city, but by property developers. Through AMRUT, the aim of the Government is to give cities themselves the chance to plan their future growth.
The Prime Minister appreciated people for their interest and work in the Swachh Bharat initiative, as well as the positive role played by media in generating awareness.
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Modi said urban and rural development in our country should be complimentary. One way of doing this was to ensure waste water management in urban areas, so that the treated water could be returned to rural areas for irrigation. Similarly solid waste management could generate compost which could act as organic fertiliser for the surrounding rural areas.
Modi released logos, and taglines for AMRUT and Smart Cities Mission; and guidelines for AMRUT, Smart Cities Mission and Housing for All (Urban). He also visited an exhibition on best practices in urban development.
The Minister for Urban Development Venkaiah Naidu, and the Minister of State for Urban Development Babul Supriyo, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra Devendra Fadnavis, the Chief Minister of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar, and the Deputy Chief Minister of Jammu and Kashmir, Nirmal Kumar Singh were present on the occasion.
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