U.S.-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership

President Biden brought together 40 world leaders for the Leaders Summit on Climate on April 22, 2021 and announced an ambitious new goal of cutting U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030. Photo: White House
President Biden brought together 40 world leaders for the Leaders Summit on Climate on April 22, 2021 and announced an ambitious new goal of cutting U.S. greenhouse gas emissions in half by 2030. Photo: White House

Both the United States and India have set ambitious 2030 targets for climate action and clean energy. 

At the Leaders Summit on Climate on April 22, the United States and India launched a new high-level partnership, the “U.S.-India Climate and Clean Energy Agenda 2030 Partnership,” which envisages bilateral cooperation on strong actions in the current decade to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. 

The Partnership will proceed along two main tracks: the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership, co-chaired by Secretary of Energy Granholm, and the Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue, co-chaired by Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry. 

The announcement follows the visit by Special Presidential Envoy for Climate John Kerry to India, where he and Prime Minister (PM) Narendra Modi affirmed that the United States and India would collaborate on a 2030 agenda for clean technologies and climate action. 

According to a statement released by the U.S. Department of State, the Partnership will represent one of the core venues for the U.S.-India collaboration and focus on driving urgent progress in this critical decade for climate action.

Both the United States and India have set ambitious 2030 targets for climate action and clean energy. In its new nationally determined contribution, the United States has set an economy-wide target of reducing its net greenhouse gas emissions by 50–52 percent below 2005 levels in 2030. 

As part of its climate mitigation efforts, India has set a target of installing 450 GW of renewable energy by 2030. Through the Partnership, the United States and India are committed to working together in achieving their ambitious climate and clean energy targets and to strengthening bilateral collaboration across climate and clean energy.

The Partnership will aim to mobilize finance and speed clean energy deployment; demonstrate and scale innovative clean technologies needed to decarbonize sectors including industry, transportation, power, and buildings; and build capacity to measure, manage, and adapt to the risks of climate-related impacts. 

The Partnership will proceed along two main tracks: the Strategic Clean Energy Partnership and the Climate Action and Finance Mobilization Dialogue, which will build on and subsume a range of existing processes. 

Through this collaboration, according to the statement, the United States and India aim to demonstrate how the world can align swift climate action with inclusive and resilient economic development, taking into account national circumstances and sustainable development priorities.

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Rakesh Raman