How to Reduce Air and Dust Pollution in Delhi

Children affected by dust and air pollution at the RMN Foundation free school for deserving children in Delhi. Photo of November 2016 by Rakesh Raman
Children affected by dust and air pollution at the RMN Foundation free school for deserving children in Delhi. Photo of November 2016 by Rakesh Raman

National Capital Region Planning Board (NCRPB) reviewed Tuesday the measures being taken by the four member States and Punjab to contain air pollution in Delhi and directed them to submit detailed action plans in this regard.

Union Minister of State for Urban Development Rao Inderjit Singh, Chief Minister of Haryana Manohar Lal Khattar, Forests Minister of Haryana Rao Narvir Singh, Urban Development Minister of Delhi Satyanedra Jain, and officials from Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan besides Punjab, Chairman of Central Pollution Control Board and officials of State Pollution Control Boards attended the Board meeting chaired by the Minister of Urban Development M. Venkaiah Naidu.

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According to a government statement released Tuesday, the Board will soon file an affidavit in this regard before the High Court of Delhi.

Venkaiah Naidu said that air pollution in the National Capital of Delhi is a matter of serious concern and all the five States should act in unison to mitigate the suffering of the people being caused by air pollution.

The States have given details of measures being taken to contain air pollution being caused by stubble and biomass burning in the adjoining States of Delhi and Punjab, burning of garbage, Solid Waste Management and road dust and construction activities.

The measures being taken included supply of equipment for mechanical disposal of stubble and crop residues, biomass gasification, imposition of fines for burning, management of sanitary landfills, etc.

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Chairman of Central Pollution Control Board informed that an Action Plan has been prepared under the directions of the Supreme Court in the context of high levels of air pollution in Delhi in November this year which could be part of the affidavit to be filed by NCRPB.

This Plan relates to monitoring networks in Delhi, centralized analysis of pollution data being collected by different agencies, preventive actions and graded action plan.

The Board asked the States to consider the ‘Comprehensive Study on Air Pollution and Green House Gases in Delhi’ undertaken by the Indian Institute of Delhi, Kanpur.

The Study is commissioned by the Delhi Government to address air pollution problems in NCT of Delhi by identifying major sources of air pollution, their contribution to ambient air pollution level and it aims to develop a control plan to reduce air pollution in Delhi.

The Board has authorized the NCRPB Secretariat to initiate preparation of Regional Plan-2041 for NCR Region.

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Rakesh Raman